What Is William’S Syndrome?

Is Williams syndrome a form of autism?

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and Williams syndrome (WS) both are neurodevelopmental disorders, each with a unique social phenotypic pattern..

Why is it called Williams syndrome?

Williams syndrome is a microdeletion syndrome caused by the spontaneous deletion of genetic material from the region q11.23 of one member of the pair of chromosome 7, so that the person is hemizygous for those genes.

Is Williams Syndrome a disability?

Williams syndrome is a developmental disorder that affects many parts of the body. This condition is characterized by mild to moderate intellectual disability or learning problems, unique personality characteristics, distinctive facial features, and heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) problems.

What’s the opposite of autistic?

Chris has Williams Syndrome (WS), a rare genetic disorder affecting around one in 18,000 people in Britain. It has often been dubbed the ‘opposite of autism’. People with WS are empathetic, social, friendly and endearing but they tend to have a low IQ, making tasks such as counting money difficult.

Is ADHD the opposite of autism?

The two disorders also share at least some genetic risk factors. A new study published 13 August in Human Brain Mapping suggests that in the brain, however, autism and ADHD may result from distinct, even opposite, patterns of activity.

Is Williams Syndrome the same as Down syndrome?

Williams syndrome is characterised by poor visuo-spatial abilities alongside relatively preserved language skills, whereas Down’s syndrome is characterised by lower language skills alongside less impaired visuo-spatial skills (e.g. Mervis and John, 2012).

What is the life expectancy of someone with Williams syndrome?

Some people with Williams syndrome may have a reduced life expectancy due to complications of the disease (such as cardiovascular involvement). No studies specifically exist on life expectancy, although individuals have been reported to live into their 60s.

At what age is Williams Syndrome diagnosed?

Williams syndrome is usually diagnosed before a child is 4 years old. Your doctor will do an exam and ask about your family medical history. Then the doctor will look for facial features like an upturned nose, wide forehead, and small teeth. An electrocardiogram (EKG) or ultrasound can check for heart problems.

Is Williams Syndrome Rare?

Williams syndrome is a rare disorder that affects males and females in equal numbers and infants of any race may be affected. The prevalence of this disorder is approximately one in 10,000-20,000 births in the United States.

What are 3 types of Down syndrome?

There are three types of Down syndrome:Trisomy 21. This is by far the most common type, where every cell in the body has three copies of chromosome 21 instead of two.Translocation Down syndrome. In this type, each cell has part of an extra chromosome 21, or an entirely extra one. … Mosaic Down syndrome.

What are the symptoms of Williams syndrome?

What are the symptoms of Williams syndrome?specific facial features like a wide mouth, small upturned nose, widely spaced teeth, and full lips.colic or feeding problems.attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)learning disorders.inward bend of pinky finger.specific phobias.short stature.speech delays.More items…